By: Xenophon

Authenian Soldier and Author (431 350 BC)

"There is a small risk a leader will be regarded with contempt by those he leads if, whatever he may have to preach, he shows himself best able to perform." Xenophon

12 Leadership Roles


  • Leadership is done from in front. Never ask others to do what you, if challenged, would not be willing to do yourself.

12 Major Causes of Failure in Leadership

  • Authority flows to the one who knows: a leader must be technically and professionally competent in his or her field. You must know your business. This is the necessary condition for winning respect and trust.

Leadership Attributes

  • Lead by example: a leader shares fully in the risks, hardships and dangers of the army or workforce.

  • A leader inspires others by encouraging them in times of difficulty or challenge, expressing confidence in them and their ability to surmount the hurdles before them. You can lift people's spirits with a word of encouragement and support.

  • A leader reminds people of why they are working and striving for self, family and comrades certainly, but for that which transcends self.

25 Lessons from Jack Welch

  • A leader has to be firm and just in maintaining necessary order. Without a certain toughness in this regard you will not win the respect of the group as a whole.

  • A leader should show humanity, a basic empathy with people. Rejoice with others when any good befalls them, and sympathize when ills overtake them, as they can us all. Give practical help to individual team members in any kind of need where you can do so.

9 Roles of a Team Leader

  • Above all, a leader is there at the right time and place. Never underestimate the positive influence that your very presence can exert in a situation.

12 Leadership Roles (Ten3 Mini-course)